Sports Nutrition Powder Taurine CAS 107-35-7 Food Grade Taurine
acid;beta-Aminoethylsulfonic acid;Ethanesulfonic acid,
Chemical Properties White crystalline powder
Usage vitamin B1, enzyme cofactor
Usage Taurine is an organic acid found in animal tissues and is a
major constituent of bile. Taurine has many biological roles such
as conjugation of bile acids, antioxidation, osmoregulation,
membrane stab ilization and modulation of calcium signaling.
General Description Large white crystals or white powder.
Air & Water Reactions Water soluble.
Reactivity Profile Taurine is an amino acid found in combination
with bile acids [Hawley].
Health Hazard ACUTE/CHRONIC HAZARDS: Taurine evolves highly toxic
fumes when heated to decomposition, and may cause irritation on
Fire Hazard Flash point data are not available for Taurine, but
Taurine is probably combustible.
Biological Activity One of the most abundant free amino acids in
the brain. A partial agonist at the inhibitory glycine receptor.
Taurine, or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, is an organic acid widely
distributed in animal tissues. It is a major constituent of bile
and can be found in the large intestine, and accounts for up to
0.1% of total human body weight. Taurine has many fundamental
biological roles, such as conjugation of bile acids, antioxidation,
osmoregulation, membrane stabilization, and modulation of calcium
signaling. It is essential for cardiovascular function, and
development and function of skeletal muscle, the retina, and the
central nervous system. Taurine is unusual among biological
molecules in being a sulfonic acid, while the vast majority of
biologically occurring acids contain the more weakly acidic
carboxyl group. While taurine is sometimes called an amino acid,
and indeed is an acid containing an amino group, it is not an amino
acid in the usual biochemical meaning of the term, which refers to
compounds containing both an amino and a carboxyl group.
Application of Taruine:
A study of mice hereditarily unable to transport taurine suggests
it is needed for proper maintenance and functioning of skeletal
muscles. In addition, it has been shown to be effective in removing
fatty liver deposits in rats, preventing liver disease, and
reducing cirrhosis in tested animals. Evidence indicates taurine is
beneficial for adult human blood pressure and possibly, the
alleviation of other cardiovascular ailments (in humans suffering
essential hypertension, taurine supplementation resulted in
measurable decreases in blood pressure).
Taurine is regularly used as an ingredient in energy drinks, with
many containing 1000 mg per serving, and some as much as 2000 mg.
A 2003 study by the European Food Safety Authority found no adverse
effects for up to 1, 000 mg of taurine per kilogram of body weight
A review published in 2008 found no documented reports of negative
or positive health effects associated with the amount of taurine
used in energy drinks, concluding, "The amounts of guarana,
taurine, and ginseng found in popular energy drinks are far below
the amounts expected to deliver either therapeutic benefits or
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|Clarity of Solution||Colorless and clear||Colorless and clear|
|Loss on Drying||≤0.3%||0.08%|
|Residue on ignition||≤0.3%||0.06%|
|Heavy Metals(as Pb)||≤15ppm||<15ppm|
|Total aerobic count (CFU/g)||≤1000||60|
|Yeasts & Molds (CFU/g)||≤100||<10|
|Appearance||White crystalline powder||White crystalline powder|
1.Stimulating the growing of brain and intelligence of infants.
2.Improving nerve conduction and visual ability.
3.Preventing angiocardiopathy and the absorbing of lipid.
4.Adjusting endocrine, improving immune system and retentivity.
5.Protecting liver and gallbladder.
6.Antipyretic and anti-inflammatory.
7.Decreasing blood glucose and pressure.
8.Improving the activity of skin cells and strengthen its immune.
Pharmaceutical ingredient, health product, food additive, feed
additive, beverage, etc.
1. Taurine is generally recognized as non-essential amino acid for
2. Taurine is widely used in infant food, energy fortified beverage
and pet foods, where the synthesis of Taurine is insufficient and
the dietray supplenmentation is required.